Wednesday, February 22, 2017

Carpe Diem #1161 Matsuyama City birth-place of Shiki

Dear Haijin, visitors and travelers,

Shiki was born in Matsuyama City in Iyo province (present day Ehime prefecture) to a samurai class family of modest means. As a child, he was called Tokoronosuke; in adolescence, his name was changed to Noboru. His father, Tsunenao, was an alcoholic who died when Shiki was five years of age, but his mother, Yae, was a daughter of Ōhara Kanzan, a Confucian scholar. Kanzan was the first of Shiki's extra-school tutors.
At age 15 Shiki became something of a political radical, attaching himself to the then-waning Freedom and People's Rights Movement and getting himself banned from public speaking by the principal of Matsuyama Middle School, which he was attending. At this school he became friends with Natsume Soseki (maybe you remember him from one of our Theme Weeks).
Shiki was the name-giver of our beloved haiku, before him, haiku was mostly named “hokku” or “haikai”. With Shiki haiku entered the 20th century.

Let us visit the region were Shiki was born, Iyo Province (nowadays Ehime Prefecture).

Ehime Prefecture is known for its waterfalls, mountains and meadows and for sure those were an inspiration for Shiki and I think we can be inspired through the beautiful nature of Ehime Prefecture too.

Ehime Prefecture
shaded by cherry trees
high up on the mountain
desolate castle

© Chèvrefeuille

Is this in Shiki's style? I don't know but I think it could have been written by Shiki, because Shiki was a master in using the haiku writing technique "shasei" or "depicting the thing as it is". (More on "shasei" you can find HERE.

An example of a "shasei"- haiku by Shiki:

come spring as of old
when such revenues of rice
braced this castle town! 

© Masaoka Shiki

© photo Ehime Prefecture
A wonderful "natural" bridge. This wooden bridge is all covered with green leaved bushes and makes it one with nature like a chameleon.

that bridge looks alive
green leaves

© Chévrefeuille

Ehime Prefecture looks awesome and to conclude this episode I love to share an image to inspire you, say a kind of Imagination.

Machu Picchu in the East
The above image shows you what is called "Machu Picchu of the East", it's excavation side in Ehime Prefecture were you can see how ancient life was in Japan. It's a side like Machu Picchu in Peru.

ancient ghosts
wandering through the streets
colorful leaves

© Chèvrefeuille

Well I hope you did like this episode. It's open for your submissions tonight at 7.00 PM (CET) and will remain open until February 27th at noon (CET). I will try to publish our new episode, about the region were Basho was born, later on.

Tuesday, February 21, 2017

Carpe Diem #1160 Kema, birth-place of Yosa Buson

Dear Haijin, visitors and travelers,

Welcome at a new episode of CDHK. We are on a journey through Japan and today I love to visit the region in which Yosa Buson (1716-1784) was born. Buson, is also one of the haiku poets which I love to call "the big five" (Basho, Issa, Buson, Chiyo-Ni and Shiki).

Yosa Buson was born in Kema Settsu Province, nowadays known as Kema-cho, Miyakojima Ward, Osaka, Osaka Prefecture. Buson's original family name was Taniguchi. Nature around his birth-place is gorgeous and I think it was a rich source of inspiration for him.

Kema-cho, Osaka Prefecture, in autumn
An example of a haiku which could have been inspired by this scene, but not in autumn, but in spring:

from far and near
hearing the sounds of waterfalls
young leaves
© Buson
Around Kema-cho, Osaka Prefecture, there are a lot of waterfalls and they are all wonderful. Must be awesome to be there listening to the sound of falling water, very relaxing I think. So another beautiful image of a waterfall in the region of Buson's birth-place.
Another waterfall somewhere around Kema-cho

the waterfall
ah! that sound ...

© Chèvrefeuille
Well it has become a short episode, but I think I have given an idea about the region were Buson was born. And I hope it will inspire you to create haiku or tanka.

This episode is NOW OPEN for your submissions and will remain open until February 26th at noon (CET). I will try to publish our new episode, about the birth-place of Shiki, later on.

Monday, February 20, 2017

Carpe Diem #1159 Matto, birthplace of Chiyo-Ni

Dear Haijin, visitors and travelers,

Welcome at a new episode of Carpe Diem Haiku Kai. This month we are travelling through Japan, the Motherland of Haiku. Yesterday we started with visiting the birthplace of Issa and today we are going to visit Matto, a village in Kaga Province, now Hakusan Ishikawa Prefecture, were another great haiku poet was born in 1703. Today we are visiting the birthplace of the most famous female haiku poet ever, Chiyo-Ni (1703-1775).

Chiyo-Ni is most known for her haiku about Morning Glory for example this one, her most famous haiku I think:

morning glory!
the well bucket-entangled,
I ask for water

(c) Chiyo-Ni
Let us take a look at Chiyo-Ni's place of birth. Matto unfortunately doesn't exist anymore because in 2005 it became part of the new town Hakusan. So to give you an idea of the region were Chiyo-Ni was born I have searched the Internet for a few images of Hakusan, Ishikawa Prefecture.
Hakusan, Ishikawa Prefecture's natural beauty (autumn)
Look at all those beautiful colors in the mountains of Hakusan in Ishikawa Prefecture, the birth region of the most famous female haiku poet Chiyo-Ni. Must be awesome to live there and I think Chiyo-Ni found a lot of inspiration in her birth region.
A few of her haiku, which she wrote, maybe the mountains on the above image were her inspiration:
lies within the listener -
a cuckoo’s call
on moor and mountain
nothing stirs
this morn of snow
(c) Chiyo-Ni
In Hakusan, Ishikawa Prefecture, there is a shrine dedicated to Chiyo-Ni, she was buried in her birth place, which reflects what she once said:
[...] "Appreciate each moment; that's all there really is. Be simple. Let my haiku teach you how. Openness is all you need to understand my haiku. Just be open to each ringing of the bell, each kiss, each pain, each word, each wind. Follow the fearless path of white light, which covers everything, washes everything clean and white and illuminated like clear water--drink the sweet water!" [...]
Shrine dedicated to Chiyo-Ni
Chiyo-Ni's birth region is very spiritual, there are several shrines and temples. And Mount Hakusan is one of the three holy mountains of Japan (Mt. Fuji and Mt. Tateyama, are the other two sacred mountains). At the peak of Mount Hakusan, which means by the way "White Mountain", there is an important shrine, Shirayama Hime-Jinja Oku-miya. This shrine is established in the 8th century by a Buddhist priest named Taicho. Taicho was the founder of what is called mountain climbing worship.  Taicho climbed Mt. Hakusan for the first time to practice aesthetic rites.

Shirayama Hime-Jinja Oku-miyaAdd caption

Around Mount Hokusan Japan created a National Park. Mountains are the greatest things to see there. On the slopes of the mountains you can find the most beautiful  flowers. The flora is a great source of inspiration and I think Chiyo-Ni was very inspired by the region of her birth.

flowers on the slopes of Mt. Hakusan

Maybe that second image was one of her inspirations, because it's a kind of Morning Glory you see on that image. So I have another beauty by Chiyo-Ni for you:
morning glories -
in the middle of a dream
morning glory -
the truth is
the flower hates people
(c) Chiyo-Ni
It was a pleasure to create this episode. I hope you did like it and of course I hope that it will inspire you to create haiku, tanka or other Japanese poetry forms. 

This episode is NOW OPEN for your submissions and will remain open until February 25th at noon (CET). I will try to publish our new episode, about Buson's birth-place, later on. For now ... have fun!

Sunday, February 19, 2017

Carpe Diem #1158 Kashiwabara, birth-place of Kobayashi Issa

!!! Sorry for being late with publishing, there were a few technical problems !!!!

Dear Haijin, visitors and travelers,

First this: Maybe you remember the episode about the results of our "autumn" kukai (HERE) In that episode I invited you to create haiku themed on Cherry Blossom for our next kukai. This kukai runs until March 4th 10.00 PM (CET). You can still submit your haiku (only haiku and a maximum of three (3) haiku) to our email-address: Please write "kukai cherry blossom" in the subject-line.

Second: As you have noticed earlier this week I published a survey for our fifth CDHK anniversary to get some insight in our haiku family members. (HERE)

Third: Earlier this week I told you that I will change a few things, just for my own health, my own time. These changes are not that big, but I will share the changes here:

1. Starting March 2017: I will only publish on weekdays.
2. I will bring Universal Jane and Namasté alternating eachother weekly on Fridays.
3. (NEW) To give you the change to be inspired in the weekend I will bring back the special feature "Time Glass", also on Fridays. The former idea was to respond within 24 hours, but because of the weekend inspiration I have changed that into 72 hours (three days).

Kashiwabara, Shinano Province, Nagano Prefecture

Kobayashi Issa (1763 – 1828) was a Japanese poet and lay Buddhist priest of the Jōdo Shinshū sect known for his haiku poems and journals. He is better known as simply Issa, a pen name meaning Cup-of-tea. He is regarded as one of the five haiku masters in Japan, along with Bashō, Buson, Chiyo-Ni and Shiki — "the Big Five."
Issa was born and registered as Kobayashi Nobuyuki, with a childhood name of Kobayashi Yatarō, the first son of a farmer family of Kashiwabara, now part of Shinano-machi, Shinano Province (present-day Nagano Prefecture).
As a big fire swept the post station of Kashiwabara on July 24, 1827, according to the Western calendar. Issa lost his house and had to live in his storehouse, which is still kept in the town. Issa died on November 19, 1828, in his native village.
Issa's storehouse where he lived in the last years of his life
As I was preparing this episode I discovered that Issa was also a painter. This I didn’t know about him.

Kashiwabara, Shinano Province (nowadays Nagano Prefecture) was a long stretched, so called, poststation. Issa lived close to the poststation that burned down in 1827. He lost his house to that fire and had to go living in his storehouse.
Kashiwabara is one of the most attractive places to go skiing. I wonder if all the tourists are aware of the history that Issa, one of the best haiku poets ever, lived in this mountain village.
One of Issa's drawings (including a haiku):

niwa no chô ko ga haeba tobi haeba tobu

garden butterfly
as the baby crawls, it flies―
crawls close, flutters on

(c) Issa
Issa wrote a lot of haiku, more than 20.000. His body of work is 20 times bigger than that of the most famous haiku poet (and my haiku master) Matsuo Basho, who wrote around 1000 haiku.
The region were Issa lived is now one of the most beloved places to go on holiday every season. That's not strange, because the region around Kashiwabara is really wonderful as you can see on the images I have used in this episode.

Kashiwabara, birth-place of Issa, is a wonderful place to be.
To conclude this episode of Carpe Diem, in which we visited the birth place of Kobayashi Issa, I have a few nice haiku written by Issa about the Shinano Mountains.

Shinano's deep wooded mountains
even in Fifth Month...
cherry blossoms

sleeping side by side
Shinano's mountains too...
evening snow

deep wooded mountains--
home-grown in Shinano
glorious blossoms

Eighth Month--
a rainy night, pre-harvest moon
in the mountains of Shinano
(c) Kobayashi Issa (Tr. David G. Lanoue)

Grave of Issa in Kashiwabara
 I just had to create a few haiku myself inspired on this episode:
mountain peaks
covered in all colors of the rainbow
departing summer
I am a dreamer
wandering through Kashiwabara
I feel like Issa
(c) Chèvrefeuille
This episode is NOW OPEN for your submissions and will remain open until February 24th at noon (CET). I will (try to) publish our next episode about the birthplace of Chiyo-Ni later on.

Friday, February 17, 2017

Carpe Diem Namasté, The Spiritual Way #3 spiritual love based on Zen Buddhism

!! Namasté is open for responses for three days !!

Dear Haijin, visitors and travelers,

Welcome at a new episode of Carpe Diem Namasté, the spiritual way, the special feature in which we are exploring the spiritual way, the spiritual background, of haiku (and tanka). Today I love to tell you a little bit about the Zen Buddhism background of haiku.

We all know that haiku has roots in Zen-Buddhism. In Zen-Buddhism the only desire possible is to become enlightened ... does that mean that haiku poets may not have desires? I don't know ... but as I look deep inside myself, in my Higher Self, that pure energy which is our guardian in our life ... than as a haiku poet I have just one desire.
The only desire I have, not to become enlightened, but creating that one masterpiece in which I can read, see, feel and reveal the master, my master Basho, that's my only desire. I am aware of that desire and it's my lifelong goal to once create that masterpiece, maybe I have done that already, but I am not aware of it ...

Be aware of your desires ... don't feel ashamed when you discover your desires ... desires and being aware of them makes you human.

silent prayer
reaches for heaven
sunflowers bloom

© Chèvrefeuille

spiritual love based on Zen Buddhism

I discovered haiku in the late Eighties and I was caught immediately by its beauty. I fell in love with haiku, addicted to the beauty of nature, addicted to love. Haiku, however, wasn't my first love ... my first love was classical music especially the music by J.S.Bach. I played the organ and studied all the works of Bach. Through his music I learned to appreciate beauty.
Later I discovered painting and photographing. While I was busy learning to become a better painter and photographer I ran into haiku ... Haiku at that time gave me the opportunity to train my writing skills, to say more with less words.

What has "real love" to do with haiku? Let me tell you something about love in haiku.
As you all know tanka is more the poetry for love, but in my opinion, haiku is also about love. Love in haiku is universal and that means "haiku transcends everything even the love between people. Haiku is love and we can find that idea in the wonderful spiritual roots of haiku, Zen Buddhism.

Zen is love (real love) of the universe. Without this love, joy is uncertain, pain is inevitable, all is meaningless. Othello says:

[...] "When I love thee not, chaos is come again". [...]

The love must be complete, - not that it aims at the universe as a whole, but that the personality as a whole is to be concentrated on the thing; the thing is to be suffused with the personality. Then we have the state, described abstractly by Dr. Suzuki in the following words:

[...] "When an object is picked up, everything else, One and All, comes along with it, not in the way of suggestion, but all-inclusively, in the sense that the object is complete in itself". [...]

lotus flowers
rising from the depths of the pond
everlasting love

everlasting love
like a river flows onwards
uncertain of its goal

uncertain of its goal
rising from the depths of the pond
lotus flowers

© Chèvrefeuille

The relation of love to poetry may be easy to make out, but that to Zen is much more difficult. Look at it like this ... If we are without self-love, greediness, without desire of gain, of happiness, of life itself, all this energy must overflow somewhere. It overflows into all things, including oneself, so that now no actions are selfish or unselfish, good or bad, but are like the sunshine or the rain, but with mind instead of mindlessness. 
We say that we see the beauty of the fine drops of rain, the glittering of the leaves in the sun, the stars in their calm, - but what we really see is the mind of man, our own mind, in all these things. Through our activity and cooperation, these inanimate things acquire mind and affection. The waves drown the shipwrecked sailor regretfully, the sun scorches the weary traveler with remorse.

This kind of love, then, is not the means, the first step, but the end and aim and consummation of our pilgrimage here (on this world). It is expressed in quite other ways than altruism and self-denial. It is effortless and continuous, unconscious and nameless, but we feel it and know it ourselves and others as the health of the soul.

Love is the only energy capable to bring peace to the world. The love for the tiniest things in nature are making us the haiku poets we are. We are all lovers of nature and that love is rooted in the Zen Buddhism background of haiku.

shepherd’s purse
trembles in the summer breeze -
bees seek for honey

© Chèvrefeuille

Well .... I hope you did like this new Namasté episode and I hope it will inspire you to create haiku and tanka in which we can find that spiritual love based on Zen Buddhism and our love for nature.


This episode is open for your submissions tonight at 10.00 PM (CET) and will remain open until February 20th at 10.00 PM (CET). Have fun.